Uruguay (i/ˈjʊərəɡwaɪ/;Spanish:[uɾuˈɣwai]), officially the Eastern Republic of Uruguay (Spanish:República Oriental del Uruguay), is a country in the southeastern region of South America. It is bordered by Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the Atlantic Ocean to the south and southeast. Uruguay is home to 3.3 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the metropolitan area of its capital and largest city, Montevideo. With an area of approximately 176,000 square kilometres (68,000sqmi), Uruguay is geographically the second-smallest nation in South America after Suriname.
Uruguay was inhabited by the Charrúa people for approximately 4000 years before the Portuguese invaded. Portugal established Colonia del Sacramento, one of the oldest European settlements in the country, in 1680. Montevideo was founded as a military stronghold by the Spanish in the early 18th century, signifying the competing claims over the region. Uruguay won its independence between 1811 and 1828, following a four-way struggle between Spain, Portugal, Argentina and Brazil. It remained subject to foreign influence and intervention throughout the 19th century, with the military playing a recurring role in domestic politics until the late 20th century. Modern Uruguay is a democraticconstitutional republic, with a president who serves as both head of state and head of government.
The river measures about 1,838 kilometres (1,142mi) in length and starts in the Serra do Mar in Brazil, where the Canoas River and the Pelotas River are joined, at about 200 metres (660ft)above mean sea level. In this stage the river goes through uneven, broken terrain, forming rapids and falls. Its course through Rio Grande do Sul is not navigable.
Uruguay is the fourth-largest producer of wine in South America, with a production of 67,000 tonnes and 8,023 hectares (19,830 acres) of vineyards in 2012. Its signature wines are that of red wines produced from Tannat grapes although several whites including Albariño and Cocó are beginning to receive attention internationally.
The modern wine industry in Uruguay dates back to 1870, and the wine industry was started by immigrants of mainly Basque and Italian origin. In 1870, Tannat was introduced to the country by Don Pascual Harriague, a Basque.
Albariño was introduced to Uruguay in 1954 by immigrants from La Coruña, in the Galician region of Spain.
When the Mercosur free trade association started to take shape in the late 1980s, Uruguay took steps to increase the quality of its wines and stepped up its marketing efforts, due to fear of being out-competed by Chilean wines and Argentine wines, which had lower production costs.
There are two levels of classification for Uruguay wines:
The millions of livestock shipped each year in conditions denounced by animal rights groups. Countries from Australia to Romania and Uruguay export live animals in long voyages across the world ... In 2009, a ship carrying some 30,000 sheep and cattle from Uruguay sank in the Mediterranean before reaching its destination in Syria ... Ageing ships.
And while many industries ground to a standstill as a result of the coronavirus, the global shipping industry did not ... It turns out that ship was understaffed and at least three of the 20 crew were on extended contracts ... In Uruguay, a Peruvian seafarer died on a Portuguese-flagged fishing ship after showing symptoms of COVID-19 on board for 30 days.
Analysis... The Irish air corps have no radar system to monitor Irish airspace and no fast aircraft to police it (for example, both Finland and Uruguay do). The Irish navy have no guided missiles, torpedoes or more importantly, sophisticated ship protection systems, but instead are austerely equipped as a coastguard ... .
This on-demand, two-part course is the perfect introduction to the MERCOSUR regulations that were implemented to reduce the complexities of shipping hazmat to and through South America. MERCOSUR, which is made up of Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia and Venezuela, is the largest free-trade agreement bloc in South America.
The two-meter eagle, weighing about 400kg, was recovered from the GermanWorld War Two battleship Admiral Graf Spee off the coast of Uruguay in 2006 by a group of enthusiasts. The ship was sunk in December 1939 by its crew to prevent her from falling into British hands ... The artifact has been a matter of controversy in Uruguay ever since its recovery.
Read More. Thousands of dairy cows shipped to Abu Dhabi from Uruguay. Coronavirus. Mubadala ties up with Honeywell and leverages Strata to make N95 masks ... Earlier this month, a shipment of about 4,500 dairy cows arrived at KhalifaPort in Abu Dhabi from Uruguay to increase local production of dairy products ... .
Aid flowing in both directions to fight the COVID-19 pandemic has strengthened Uruguay's ties with a number of Chinese cities and provinces ... One of the places in China from where aid has been shipped to Uruguay during the pandemic is Chongqing, which has close ties to the region of San Jose, to which it is twinned, and to Montevideo.
...Port from the Republic of Uruguay ... The cows were also transported through an integrated fleet of transport trucks intended for transporting livestock to the port in Uruguay, while they were received at shipping and follow-up points at the port, and then they shipped onto ZAIN 1.
URUGUAY. The 36 crewmembers of the Australian cruise ship Greg Mortimer who were infected with Covid-19 and quarantined in a Montevideo hotel were released on Wednesday after testing negative for the disease.
Well, we certainly know a lot about COVID-19 transmission on cruise ships. Because they were early hotspots, and a relatively natural petri dish, cruise ships have been studied perhaps more than any other environment for the disease ...Uruguay looked most promising ... Eventually, Uruguay allowed the ship to dock and passengers to disembark on Day 32.